{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

NtDrugsCrimeMex - NtDrugsCrimeMex[Last edited Notes taken...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
NtDrugsCrimeMex [Last edited 4-8-2010] Notes taken from NtTraffic&Rebollo to put with discussion of Monica Serrano’s chapter in Dominguez: US Drug War creates incentives for corruption of police Andreas conceives of bribes and payoffs as a cost of doing business , a form of tax that traffickers have to pay. In 1983, traffickers spent an estimated $1.5 to $3.2 million on bribery , but, by 1993, they were spending an estimated $450 million— far more than the budget of the Mexican Attorney General’s office. [And Bertram and Sharpe said that bribes hit an estimated $6 billion in 1997 .] Thus, increased drug enforcement capacity , while failing to deter the drug trade significantly, successfully increases the capacity to tax the trade in the form of corruption . … This selective enforcement is pragmatic: officials can perform their job —seizing drugs and arresting smugglers—while also collecting taxes from the drug trade . Those smugglers with the most resources and connections are the ones most able to afford the corruption tax, whereas the smaller smuggling entrepreneurs are treated as tax evaders.” That’s why the arrest numbers can be up, while smuggling is also up. Consider the following examples of the “tax” potential of drug enforcement . The profit potential “created enormous competition within law enforcement agencies for assignment to key posts along smuggling corridors . One attorney general under Salinas said that top drug enforcement posts were auctioned off to the highest bidders , and their value was determined by market forces.” [A similar dynamic was also reported for Peru.] Take the case of
Image of page 1

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern