NtDrugsDemParadigmShiftLACommiss2009Intro

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NtDrugsDemParadigmShiftLACommiss2009Intro Latin American Commission on Drugs and Democracy, “Drugs and Democracy: Toward a Paradigm Shift” 2009, pp. 5-41. [http://www.drogasedemocracia.org/Arquivos/livro_ingles_02.pdf ] Filename: DrugsDemParadigmShiftLACommiss2009Long.pdf Latin American Commission on Drugs and Democracy César Gaviria  //  Colombia  //  co-president Ernesto Zedillo  //  Mexico  //  co-president Fernando Henrique Cardoso  //  Brazil  //  co-president Ana Maria Romero de Campero  // Bolivia Antanas Mockus  // Colombia Diego García Sayán  // Peru Enrique Krauze  // Mexico Enrique Santos Calderón  // Colombia General Alberto Cardoso  // Brazil João Roberto Marinho  // Brazil Mario Vargas Llosa  // Peru Moisés Naím  // Venezuela Patricia Marcela Llerena  // Argentina Paulo Coelho  // Brazil Sergio Ramírez  // Nicaragua Sonia Picado  // Costa Rica Tomás Eloy Martínez  // Argentina Contents: 7 Statement 17 Background 17 The international conventions 19 Results and consequences of the “war on drugs” 21 The politics of eradication in Latin America 25 Narcotics trafficking: violence, corruption and democracy NtDrugsDemParadigmShiftLACommiss2009Intro, p. 1
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28 The limits of prohibitionism 31 Reducing the damage, depenalizing and decriminalizing 36 New Trends in Latin America 39 Facing the future STATEMENT// A FAILED WAR Violence and the organized crime associated with the narcotics trade are critical problems in Latin America today. Confronted with a situation that is growing worse by the day, it is imperative to rectify the “war on drugs” strategy pursued in the region over the past 30 years. Prohibitionist policies based on the eradication of production and on the disruption of drug flows as well as on the criminalization of consumption have not yielded the expected results. We are farther than ever from the announced goal of eradicating drugs. A realistic evaluation indicates that: Latin America remains the major global exporter of cocaine and cannabis, has become a growing producer of opium and heroin, and is developing the capacity to produce synthetic drugs; The levels of drug consumption continue to grow in Latin America while there is a tendency toward stabilization in North America and Europe. The in-depth revision of current drug policies is even more urgent in Latin America in light of their enormous human and social costs NtDrugsDemParadigmShiftLACommiss2009Intro, p. 2
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and  threats to democratic institutions. Over the past decades we have witnessed: rise in organized crime caused both by the  international narcotics trade and by the growing control exercised by criminal groups over  domestic markets and territories; A growth in unacceptable levels of  drug related violence affecting the whole of society and, in particular, the poor and the young; The criminalization of politics and the politicization of crime , as well as the proliferation of the linkages between them, as reflected in 
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