public-1050 - PoliticalParticipation PublicOpinion...

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Political Participation Public Opinion
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Introduction Public Opinion Basics The Face of American Values Issues of Political Socialization Public Opinion Polls Political participation
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A Few Basic Terms Public Opinion The distribution of the population’s beliefs about  politics and policy issues. Demographics We can use these characteristics of the population  to generalize about public opinion. Census A valuable tool for understanding population  changes Required by Constitution, every 10 years
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A Changing America Regional shift in population center from east to  west This changes congressional makeup due to: Reapportionment: the process of reallocating seats in the  House of Representatives every 10 years on the basis of  the results of the census. America is getting older We are an immigration society Melting Pot: The mixing of cultures, ideas and peoples  that has changed the American nation. Minorities are becoming the majority Influences which policies lawmakers address
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Minority-Majority
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American Values Regional changes, aging, and  immigration mean that American society  values diversity  This diverse set of preferences must  congeal for citizens to get along What brings us together? Political  Culture:  An overall set of values widely shared  within a society.
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Political Socialization Political Socialization: “The process through which an individual  acquires [their] particular political  orientation” Political socialization is how a diverse  group of people, from different  backgrounds, and with different  interests find middle ground and “get  along” 
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The Political Socialization  Process What socializes us into politics? Family Your first introduction to politics School Shapes how you view government Media Informs and educates All three work together, in different ways, to  socialize us into political process
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Family Political leanings of children often mirror  their parent’s leanings Parents are your first teachers If they are Republican, so are you The Michigan Model of voting behavior— The  American Voter
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School used by government to socialize the  young into the political culture Create positive view of government and the United  States Pledge of Allegiance Educate about the basics of American  government, history, etc. Civics courses, credit required to graduate high school
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public-1050 - PoliticalParticipation PublicOpinion...

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