P100 Review Sheet Exam 1

P100 Review Sheet Exam 1 - Key Terms and Concepts from...

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Key Terms and Concepts from Chapter 1 Discretion in the CJ System - ‘everybody does it’ Individual Rights v. Societal Rights - The classic struggle law makers deal with is how to keep the public order while still insuring freedom for the individual; People give up their individual freedom in hopes of passing laws to make the community and society safer. Perception v. Reality of Crime - the difference between what crime is portrayed as in tv shows, such as Law and Order (ex: the criminal procedure- cops aren’t investigating a case so in depth, usually ends with arrest) vs. how crime is actually handled in the justice system. Crime in the Streets v. Crime in the Suites - street crime consists of burglaries, robberies, muggings- prevalent during 1968- led to the establishment of the President’s crime commission; vs. Crime in the suites-white collar crime- crimes committed by business professionals, corporate crime waves, business scams, workplace ethics, identity theft, fraud etc. Goals of Criminal Justice Doing Justice Controlling Crime Preventing Crime - focuses on increasing the severity of crime, not the punishment. Criminal Justice in a Federal System Federalism -a system of government in which power is divided between a central (national) government and a regional (state) government. Two Justice Systems - state systems handle alleged violations of state law and federal system handles alleged violations of federal law. Expansion of Federal Involvement Criminal Justice as a Social System System Exchange Plea Bargain- a deal (usually a lesser charge) offered by the prosecutor as an incentive for the defendant to plead guilty. Characteristics of the Criminal Justice System Discretion - there has to be an element of discretion because there is no way that police can enforce laws equally. Resource Dependence - availability of funds Sequential Tasks - you have to follow the flow of the justice system; courts can’t do anything until an arrest is made then… etc. Filtering- not all offenses are treated equally Criminal Justice Funnel - there are many crimes that occur yet not all are apart of the criminal justice system because not all of them are reported. Operations of Criminal Justice Agencies Police- apprehending criminals Keeping the Peace Apprehending law violators Preventing Crime Providing Social Services Courts- the judicial branch- convicting criminals Dual Court System- state systems handle alleged violations of state law; federal systems handle alleged violations of federal law. Adjudication Civil v. Criminal Courts Corrections- punishing criminals Flow of Decision Making in the CJ System - the chart/timeline of the justice system that indicates the process to go through; lots of steps along the way in a criminal case. Models of Criminal Justice
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This note was uploaded on 02/16/2011 for the course PSYCHOLOGY 100 taught by Professor Unknown during the Spring '11 term at Indiana.

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P100 Review Sheet Exam 1 - Key Terms and Concepts from...

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