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Unformatted text preview: Psychology Exam 2 Study Guide Ch. 5 Anxiety Disorders Fear- is an innate emotion that is adaptive (gives us motivation to escape/survive). The focus of fear is on the present danger-what is there right now. 4 Components of fear: o Cognitive- thinking (identifying something as a danger or threat to you). o Emotional-feeling (being afraid). o Somatic-happening in the body (SNS releasing Norepinephrine (neurotransmitter associated with emergency/alarm in anxiety) into the body making the body ready to respond). o Behavioral- fight or flight response. Anxiety- derives from a fear, but when anxiety becomes extreme, we have a disorder. Focused on future danger; interferes with your functioning. A sense of control (or lack of it) that develops from early experiences is the psychological factor that makes us more or less vulnerable to anxiety later in life. Parents who interact in a positive and predictable way by responding to their needs (attention, food, relief from pain) teach their children that they have control over their environment and their responses have an effect on their parents and their environments. Parents who are overprotective and over-intrusive and who clear the way for their children, never letting them experience any adversity, create a situation in which children never learn how to cope with adversity that comes along; they dont learn that they can control their environment. Triple Vulnerability Theory Generalized biological vulnerability-a tendency to be uptight or high-strung might be inherited; but a generalized biological vulnerability to develop anxiety is not anxiety itself. Generalized psychological vulnerability- you might grow up believing the world is dangerous and out of control and you might not be able to cope when things go wrong based on your early experiences; if this perception is strong you have a generalized psychological vulnerability to anxiety. Specific psychological vulnerability- you learn from early experience, such as being taught by your parents, that some situations or objects are fraught with danger (even if they really arent) Ex: dogs. The most common additional diagnosis for all anxiety disorders was major depression which occurred in 50% of the cases over the course of the patients life. Anxiety Disorders The two most prevalent anxiety disorders in the United States are social phobias and specific phobias afflicting more than 35 million people....
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This note was uploaded on 02/16/2011 for the course PSYCHOLOGY 100 taught by Professor Unknown during the Spring '11 term at Indiana.
- Spring '11