3. Leadership

3 Leadership - Leadership Leadership the ability to influence a group toward the achievement of a vision or set of goals Can emerge from within a

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Leadership Leadership: the ability to influence a group toward the achievement of a vision or set of goals Can emerge from within a group as well as by formal appointment to lead a group Organizations need strong leadership AND strong management for optimal effectiveness Need managers to formulate detailed plans, create efficient organizational structures, and oversee day-to-day operations Measuring Leadership Effectiveness The degree to which the leader’s actions result in Achievement of organizational goals The continued commitment of followers The development of a relationship of mutual trust and respect between leader and followers The Evolution of Leadership Theory Traditional Theories of Leadership Trait Theories of Leadership Differentiate leaders from non-leaders by focusing on personal qualities and characteristics Leaders who are extraverted, conscientious, and open have an advantage Big 5 personality traits: o Most strongly related to leadership: Extraversion o Also related to leadership: Conscientiousness and openness o Better at predicting leader emergence than leader effectiveness Another trait of interest: Emotional Intelligence Behavioral Theories Researched the behaviors of specific leaders
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Provides the basis of design for training programs The Leadership Grid o Based on Ohio State Model and Michigan studies Two types of behaviors: o Concern for production – task-oriented behaviors; getting things organized and focusing on achieving task outputs o Concern for people – person-oriented behaviors; degree of trust, friendship, respect, and warmth that the leader extended to subordinates; attending to things that matter to people – pay and working conditions Since behaviors can be learned, we can train people to be leaders Ohio State Studies: o Initiating structure: the extent to which a leader is likely to define and structure his role and those of employees in the search for goal attainment o Consideration: the extent to which a person is likely to have a job relationships that are characterized by mutual trust, respect for employees’ ideas and regard for their feelings University of Michigan Studies: o Employee-oriented leaders: emphasizing interpersonal relations
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This note was uploaded on 02/16/2011 for the course BADM 066 taught by Professor Bailey during the Fall '07 term at GWU.

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3 Leadership - Leadership Leadership the ability to influence a group toward the achievement of a vision or set of goals Can emerge from within a

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