Themes - Gilded Age get rich quick era Great social change...

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Gilded Age “get rich quick” era Great social change Corruption and party strife due to greed Agrarian to urban nation Patronage and trusts Economic growth o Rapid industrialization, urbanization, construction of transcontinental railroads, innovation in science and technology, rise of big business o Obsessed with production Outcome o Most of the growth to the upper elite and large companies o Individuals didn’t have too many rights Blacks lost many advances they had made after the civil war o Gilded Age not golden age because of surface was shiny and improving and underneath was many rotten problems festering Different Perspectives Puritan ethic-work hard and with God you an get ahead “help those who help themselves” philosophy o gov’t shouldn’t invest in programs for the poor because poor had no positive impact on financial health o the rich were hardworking HENRY WARD BEECHER o prosperity was at hand if you wanted it; work your way up in 20 years 19 th century-protestant saw work as a good thing itself EDWARD BOK-late 19 th century, women’s magazine o Be honest, healthy, don’t drink, do/refrain from religion/politics, and marry an honest woman RUSSELL CORNWELL-lectures/sermons to get ahead; money was a curse HORATIO ALGER-reform activist NY, author, luck won him, didn’t like the rich HENRY GRADEY- Atlantic Constitution o Still saw the north and south separate o Not lucky but honest work o New south doctrine won some people in the north Fiction realism replaced romanticism MARK TWAIN (1873) o Sardonic, Gilded Age (co-written CHARLES DUDLEY WARNER) Industrial revolution as a period that looked like gold on the outside but hollow on the inside He and other authors described American full of urban poverty, political crookedness, class tensions rather the social concern Women in the Industrial Revolution
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mid class became involved beyond the home during industrial age social reform movements o prison reform, labor arbitration, public health temperance movement (Woman’s Christian Temperance Union (WCTU)) Women predominant role of women-make home a haven in the heartless world Social theories came up to justify the growing gap Social Darwinism o Gospel of Wealth-CARNEGIE free market economics and gov’tal non interference provided forum where survival of the fittest could play out Gospel of success o Any man can achieve wealth through hard work HORATIO ALGER o Wrote fictional tales of hard working me going from “rags to riches”- based on ambition and determination CARNEGIE AND ALGER and others tried to justify the gap by arguing hard work can make any man wealthy and programs to help the poor went against natural process of evolution as played out in human society JACOB RIIS “How the Other Half Lives” (1889) exposed conditions of immigrants in NYC EDWARD BELLAMY “Looking backward from 2000 to 1887”
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Themes - Gilded Age get rich quick era Great social change...

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