Organic Chemsitry

Organic Chemsitry - o Butane, iso-Butane Change the way...

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Organic Chemsitry Chemistry of carbon-containing compounds o Of more than 20 mi known chemical compounds, over 95% are compounds of carbon Why do we need to study organic chemistry? o Plastics and polymers o Drug function and drug design o Chemistry of nutrition o Biochemistry (proteins, nucleic acids, carbohydrates, etc.) What other elements do organic compounds contain? o H o O o N o P o S o o Heteroatoms Hydrocarbons: compounds of C and H, simplest organic Alkanes: simplest, each C atom in the molecule forms four single bonds, either with H or other C o Simplest: methane, ethane, propane
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Unformatted text preview: o Butane, iso-Butane Change the way atoms are bonded in the molecules Isomers Carbon with three hydrogens= methyl group (-CH3) Ethyl group: (-CH2CH3) Propyl group: (-CH2CH2CH3) Isomers: compounds that have the same chemical formula but different structural formula Condensed structural formula, ex CH3CH2CH2CH2CH3 Unsaturated hydrocarbons Alkenes: at lest two carbons are joined by a double bond Alkynes: at least two carbon atoms are joined by a triple bond Aromatic compounds: Those that contain a benzene ring: 6 carbons with alternating double bonds...
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