Chapter 2 vocabulary - Psychology Chapter 2 Prefrontal lobotomy surgical procedure that severs fibers connecting the frontal lobes of the brain

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Psychology Chapter 2: Prefrontal lobotomy : surgical procedure that severs fibers connecting the frontal lobes of the brain from the underlying thalamus Heuristics : mental shortcuts that help us to streamline our thinking and make sense of our world Representativeness : heuristic that involves judging the probability of an event by its superficial similarity to a prototype Base rate : how common a characteristic or behavior is in the general population Availability : heuristic that involves estimating the likelihood of occurrence based on the ease with which it comes to our minds Cognitive biases : systematic errors in thinking Hindsight bias : tendency to overestimate how well we could have successfully forecasted known outcomes Overconfidence : tendency to overestimate our ability to make correct predictions Naturalistic observation : watching behavior in real-world settings External validity : extent to which we can generalize findings to real-world settings Internal validity : extent to which we can draw cause-and-effect inferences form a study Case study : research design that examines one person or a small number of people in
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This note was uploaded on 02/16/2011 for the course PYSCH 111 taught by Professor Malley during the Spring '08 term at University of Michigan.

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Chapter 2 vocabulary - Psychology Chapter 2 Prefrontal lobotomy surgical procedure that severs fibers connecting the frontal lobes of the brain

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