Chapter 3 vocab - Psychology Chapter 3: Neurons: nerve...

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Psychology Chapter 3: Neurons : nerve cells specialized for communication Central nervous system (CNS) : part of nervous system containing brain and spinal cord that enables mind and behavior Peripheral nervous system (PNS) : nerves in the body that extend outside the central nervous system (CNS) Forebrain : forward part of the brain that allows advanced intellectual abilities; also known as the cerebrum Cerebral cortex : outermost part of the forebrain, responsible for analyzing sensory processing and higher brain functions Cerebral hemispheres : two halves of the cerebral cortex, which serve different yet high integrated cognition functions Corpus callosum : large band of fibers connecting the two cerebral hemispheres Frontal lobe : forward part of cerebral cortex containing the motor cortex and the prefrontal cortex; responsible for motor function, language and memory Motor cortex : part of frontal lobe responsible for thinking, planning and language Broca’s area : language area in the prefrontal cortex that helps to control speech production Aphasia : serous speech deficit that renders a person unable to communicate effectively Parietal lobe : upper middle part of the cerebral cortex lying behind the frontal lobe specialized for touch and perception Temporal lobe : lower part of the cerebral cortex below the temples, which plays the roles in hearing, understanding language, and memory Wernicke’s area : part of the temporal lobe involved in understanding speech Occipital lobe : back part of cerebral cortex specialized for vision Sensory cortex : regions of the cerebral specialized for vision Sensory cortex : regions of the cerebral cortex devoted to vision, touch, hearing, balance, taste, and smell Association cortex : regions of the cerebral cortex that integrate the simpler functions to perform more complex functions Basal ganglia : structures in the forebrain that help to control movement Dopamine : neurotransmitter that plays a key role in movement and reward Basal forebrain : region in the forebrain containing acetylcholine neurons that affect
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This note was uploaded on 02/16/2011 for the course PYSCH 111 taught by Professor Malley during the Spring '08 term at University of Michigan.

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Chapter 3 vocab - Psychology Chapter 3: Neurons: nerve...

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