World Americas 2 Maya - Mayan Civilization Cult of the...

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Mayan Civilization Cult of the Jaguar continued
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Map
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Maya Timeline c. 1500 Olmecs Civilization c. 750 Writing is developed in Mesoamérica. c. 420 The earliest known solar calendars 100 The city of Teotihuacán forms; cultural, religious and trading centre of Mesoamérica. c. 150 The decline of the Olmecs. 400 The Maya highlands fall under the domination of Teotihuacán, and the disintegration of Maya culture and language begins in some parts of the highlands. 500 Tikal becomes the first great Maya city 751 Long-standing Maya alliances begin to break down. Trade between Maya city- states declines, and inter-state conflict increases. 899 Tikal is abandoned. 900 The Classic Period of Maya history ends, with the collapse of the southern lowland cities. Maya cities in the northern Yucatán continue to thrive. 1224 The Northern Maya city of Chichén Itzá is abandoned by the Toltecs. The Itzá people settle in the deserted area. Only 20% of ruins have been uncovered and researched so more is to come4
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Political Systems City states united in a loose confederacy Ruled by powerful semi-divine kings called halach uinic ("True Man") and his lesser nobles Nobles own most of the land and are the important merchants Priests Maintained an elaborate calendar and transmitted knowledge of writing, astronomy, and mathematics Population largely rural used cities for primarily relgious centers
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  • Spring '11
  • Henderson
  • Maya civilization, Mayan political center, great Maya city, Long-standing Maya alliances, Mayan city states, Northern Maya city

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