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World India 3Mauryan - India Unites The Mauryan and Gupta...

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India Unites: The Mauryan and Gupta Dynasties
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Aryan Age ends with Invasion of Darius  and Alexander
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India begins to Unite c. 400-300BCE Persia first united NW India under Cyrus and Darius
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c. 330 Alexander the Great conquered Persia Greek empire failed when Alexander died Now a native Indian Empire would begin.
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The Mauryan Empire 321-180 BCE
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Politics Founded by Chandragupta Maurya ( 324 to 301 B.C.) Increased centralized govt control over regional kingdoms large army of 700,000 secret police to watch for treason 301 BCE gave up his throne to & became a Jain monk (extreme Buddhism)
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Ashoka Maurya
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Ashoka 268-232 BC Most important ruler in ancient India Brutal military commander who extended the Empire throughout S. and E. India Battle of Kalinga - 260 BC - 100,000 Kalingans died - 150,000 Kalingans driven from their home - More died from disease & starvation in the aftermath of the destruction brought on by the war “What have I done?” Ashoka and many Indian leaders converted to Buddhism after this battle and became pacifists He spent the rest of his life encouraging non-violence, moderation and Buddhist principles to India
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