am2 - The Americans (Reconstruction to the 21st Century)...

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1 The Americans (Reconstruction to the 21st Century) Chapter 2: TELESCOPING THE TIMES Revolution and the Early Republic CHAPTER OVERVIEW Colonists declare their independence and win a war to gain the right to govern themselves. Leaders meet to write the Constitution. George Washington guides the new nation, but conflict between the two major political parties increases. The country also faces conflict with European nations. Section 1: Colonial Resistance and Rebellion MAIN IDEA Conflicts between Great Britain and the American colonists escalated, until the colonists finally declared their independence. By the 1760s, King George was faced with paying off the debt Britain had accumulated during the French and Indian War. In 1763, King George appointed George Grenville, a financial expert, as his prime minister. Grenville believed that the colonies were smuggling goods rather than paying taxes on them. In 1764, Grenville urged Parliament to pass the Sugar Act and in 1765, the Stamp Act. The Stamp Act required colonists to place stamps on certain items. Some colonists opposed British taxation, because they were not represented in Parliament. The colonists were furious and boycotted (refused to buy) British goods in protest. The British repealed the Stamp Act but enacted other laws that raised taxes. Tension increased in Boston. In 1770, some British soldiers fired on a mob and killed several colonists, prompting angry colonial leaders to call the event the Boston Massacre. Passions cooled, and the British removed all the taxes but one. In 1773, the British granted a British company the sole right to handle the tea trade. American merchants resented their loss of business. A group of colonists dumped tea into
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2 Boston Harbor in protest. To punish Massachusetts, Parliament passed the Intolerable Acts in 1774. In 1775, colonists and British soldiers fought at Lexington and Concord, near Boston.
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am2 - The Americans (Reconstruction to the 21st Century)...

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