am4 - The Americans (Reconstruction to the 21st Century)...

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1 The Americans (Reconstruction to the 21st Century) Chapter 4: TELESCOPING THE TIMES The Union in Peril CHAPTER OVERVIEW Slavery becomes an issue that divides the nation. North and South enter a long and destructive civil war that ends slavery. African Americans briefly enjoy full civil rights, but new laws discriminate against them. Section 1: The Divisive Politics of Slavery MAIN IDEA Disagreements over slavery heightened regional tensions and led to the break up of the Union. North and South increasingly disagreed over slavery. The debate focused on slavery in territories that wanted to become states. When California applied for statehood as a free state, Southerners were angry because much of the state was south of the Missouri Compromise line of 36º 30’. Henry Clay drew up the Compromise of 1850 in an attempt to satisfy both North and South. After much debate, Congress approved the compromise, which allowed California to enter the Union as a free state. The compromise also included the Fugitive Slave Act, which allowed harsh steps to be taken against slaves who ran away. Many Northerners disliked the law. Some helped slaves to escape on a route called the Underground Railroad. Harriet Beecher Stowe’s novel Uncle Tom’s Cabin showed slavery’s evils. The book sold well, but Southerners resented it. Slavery in the territories became an issue again. Senator Stephen Douglas proposed a bill that would allow the people in Nebraska and Kansas territories to decide whether they wanted slavery. Congress eventually approved the bill and the Kansas-Nebraska Act became law in 1854. As a result, proslavery and antislavery forces began fighting for possession of Kansas.
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2 The Whig party broke up over the issue of slavery. Antislavery factions formed the Republican Party. In 1856, the first Republican candidate for president, John C. Frémont, won many votes but finished second. A Supreme Court decision in 1857 worsened the situation. In the Dred Scott case, the
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This note was uploaded on 02/17/2011 for the course AMH 2010 taught by Professor Minor during the Spring '08 term at University of Florida.

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am4 - The Americans (Reconstruction to the 21st Century)...

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