am19 - The Americans (Reconstruction to the 21st Century)...

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1 The Americans (Reconstruction to the 21st Century) Chapter 19: TELESCOPING THE TIMES The Postwar Boom CHAPTER OVERVIEW Postwar America sees a huge economic boom fueled by consumer spending that is spurred by the mass media, especially television. But many find themselves mired in poverty and stifled by discrimination. Section 1: Postwar America MAIN IDEA The Truman and Eisenhower administrations led the nation to make social, economic, and political adjustments following World War II. Millions of returning soldiers used the GI Bill of Rights to get an education and buy a home. To meet a housing shortage, developers such as William Levitt built thousands of homes. The houses looked exactly alike, but were affordable. Many families moved to the growing suburbs. The U.S. economy adjusted to peacetime. When the war ended, many defense workers were laid off. When price controls ended, prices shot up. But responding to years of pent- up demand—and using millions of dollars saved during the war—people began to buy cars, appliances, and housing. Soon the economy boomed. Labor strife arose just after the war. A steelworker strike was followed by coal miners and railroad workers. President Truman threatened to draft the workers into the army and order them back to work. The unions agreed to return to work. Voters showed a growing conservative outlook. In the fall of 1946, they put conservative Republicans in control of both the Senate and the House. The Republicans opposed Truman’s domestic program, including the civil rights bills he proposed for African Americans. Truman used an executive order to desegregate the armed forces, but his commitment to civil rights helped split the Democratic party. Winning the party
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2 nomination for president in 1948, he insisted on strong support for civil rights. Many Southern Democrats called “Dixiecrats” left the party to form their own party. Polls predicted that Truman would lose the election to Tom Dewey, the Republican candidate. Truman campaigned vigorously against the “do-nothing” Republican Congress and won
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This note was uploaded on 02/17/2011 for the course AMH 2010 taught by Professor Minor during the Spring '08 term at University of Florida.

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am19 - The Americans (Reconstruction to the 21st Century)...

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