am23 - The Americans(Reconstruction to the 21st Century...

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1 The Americans (Reconstruction to the 21st Century) Chapter 23: TELESCOPING THE TIMES An Era of Social Change CHAPTER OVERVIEW The civil rights movement inspires Latinos, Native Americans, and women to seek equality in American society. At the same time, the nation’s young people adopt values that conflict with mainstream culture. Section 1: Latinos and Native Americans Seek Equality MAIN IDEA Latinos and Native Americans confronted injustices in the 1960s. Latinos—Americans with a heritage in Latin American—are a diverse group that tripled to more than 9 million people in the decade of the 1960s. The largest group is Mexican Americans, but about a million Puerto Ricans, hundreds of thousands of Cubans, and tens of thousands of other Hispanics add to these numbers. Many Latinos encounter poor living conditions and discrimination. In the 1960s Latinos began to demand equal rights—and respect for their culture and heritage. Cesar Chavez organized Mexican American farm workers into a union to boost wages and improve working conditions. By calling for a nationwide boycott of grapes, Chavez pressured grape growers into recognizing his union and granting a new, more favorable, contract. Responding to calls for greater recognition of Hispanics’ culture, Congress passed the Bilingual Education Act in 1968. It funded bilingual and cultural programs for students who didn’t speak English. Latinos also organized politically, fielding Hispanic candidates for office. Native Americans, too, are a diverse group, with hundreds of tribes having unique traditions. Concerned about the high unemployment rate, poor health care, and high death
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2 rate common to all these groups, many Native Americans joined together in the 1960s to work for change.
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