Cog Test 1 review - o John Watson thought=subvocal...

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I. History A. Big Problems With Studying the mind 1. The mind is unobservable: Stimulus ”Black Box” (mind) Response Mind= opac (can’t be observed directly) We can only observe the products/outputs: behavior and physiology o Behavior: reposnse o Physiology: heart racing, sweating, etc 2. Solutions: introspectionism, behaviorism, cognitivism INTROSPECTIONISM: Wundt and Titchner- would see what part of the brain processed things are what these parts were related to o Ex: eye= many sensations; sex organs= 1 sensation o Problems : difficult to verify; private events not public (no one else can understand what happens inside a person); only know about the end product (not the process of understanding everything) BEHAVIORISM: “science of behavior”; emphasis on what is directly observed (stimuli, response, reinforcements/rewards, rats in maze) and ignore the mind (unobservable) o Ex: Pavlov dog salivating experiment: bell and food=stimulus, salivation=response) **able to predict the outcome
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Unformatted text preview: o John Watson: thought=subvocal speech (talking to yourself) o B.F. Skinner: ignore the mind, he thought it was outside the world of science o Problems: not able to account for diversity of human behavior (ex: language—not able to explain it); limiting science to the observable=bad idea • COGNITION: infer what is going on inside the box o Look at stimulus and respond, but able to make hypothesis about what is going on in the brain (make testable predictions to observe an replicate) o Mind=like a computer program (*computer: beneficially to allow us to understand the brain)- DEPENDENT VARIABLE: what you measure/analyze (ex: reaction time, accuracy, brain activity); on y-axis-INDEPENDENT VARIABLE: what you manipulate—what is changing (ex: number of items to be memorized, amount of alcohol ingested, passage of time); on x-axis Ex: change in the number of items you remember after...
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Cog Test 1 review - o John Watson thought=subvocal...

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