GEA+2011+Ma,+Constructing+a+National+Memory+of+War+final

GEA+2011+Ma,+Constructing+a+National+Memory+of+War+final -...

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Click to edit Master subtitle style 2/19/11 Constructing a National Memory of War War Museums in China, Japan, and the United States, by Xiaohua Ma
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2/19/11 Steger account of 20th c. warfare The nation-state is based on collective identity linked to discrete territorial boundaries and on a psychological division between “us” and “them.” Citizens prove their patriotism by their willingness to sacrifice their lives for the nation. The nation-state system provided huge production capabilities for goods and weapons and allowed unparalleled investment in warfare in 20th c.
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2/19/11 Death toll from major 20th c. wars WW I (1914-18) 15-60 million dead Russian Civil War (1917-21) 5-9 million WW II (1939-45) 55-72 million Korean War (1950-53) 2.5-3.5 million Vietnam War (1959-1975) 2.5-5 million Afghan Civil War (1979-present) 1-1.5 million Total: 81-151.5 million dead WWI & WWII Total: 70-132 million
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2/19/11 Major 20th c. genocides Armenia (1914-18) 1.5-2 million Nanjing Massacre (1937) 0.1-0.3 million Nazi Germany (1941-45) 6-14 million German expulsion (1945-50) 0.5-3 million Bangladesh (1971) 0.3-3 million Cambodia (1975-79) 1.5-3 million Rwanda (1994) 0.5-1 million Total: 9.9-26.3 million
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2/19/11 Major 20th c. famines USSR & Ukraine (1932-33) 6-10 million dead Stalin’s failed experiment with collectivization Bengal (1943) 4 million dead Urban economic boom, “entitlement failure” China, CCPs “Great Leap Forward” (1959-62) 20-43 million dead Mao’s failed experiment with collectivization Total: 30-57 million dead
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Amartya Sen, Nobel Prize 1998 “Sen demonstrated that the Bengal famine was caused by an urban economic boom that raised food prices, thereby causing millions of rural workers to starve to death when their wages did not keep up. And why didn't the government react by dispensing emergency food relief? Sen's answer was enlightening. Because colonial India was not a democracy,
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This note was uploaded on 02/18/2011 for the course ASIAN STUD 245 taught by Professor Schalow during the Spring '11 term at Rutgers.

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GEA+2011+Ma,+Constructing+a+National+Memory+of+War+final -...

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