1-Tropicality-compressed

1-Tropicality-compressed - Orientalism Edward Said (1979):...

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Orientalism Edward Said (1979): the “Orient” as European invention, holding a special place of exotic-ness in Western imagination – the distinction of West and East: Academic: “Oriental” area studies Style of Thought/Way of Life: nature of Asian peoples, their thought, customs, and destiny Discourse: the west on top (positional superiority)
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Tropicality The Tropics as Place, and as Place in the Western Imagination That unique variant of “Orientalism” that creates the tropics as primitive exotic Aristotle felt the tropics were uninhabitable Tropical forest peoples as “nature folk” State of nature: Hobbes and Rousseau John Locke: “in the beginning all was America”
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1418–1460 Portugal's Prince Henry the Navigator sponsors exploration of Africa's coast. The Portuguese found valuable sources of pepper in West Africa. 1432 Portuguese discover the Azores, reach Cape Verde. 1445 Portuguese explore West Africa, reach Senegal, and reestablish slave trade. 1450 Henry establishes a Naval observatory for the teaching of navigation, astronomy, and cartography. 1455 A papal Bull recognizes the Portugese monopoly of African Exploration 1450 Invention of the printing press spurs wide distribution of navigation tables and ship plans (and Guns, Germs, and Steel). 1453 Turks overrun Constantinople (Istanbul), shutting off the overland trade route. 1455-1457 Cadamosto, Venetian sailor, explores West Africa including the Senegal and Gambia rivers 1470-84 Portuguese explorations discover Africa's Gold Coast and the Congo River. 1488
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1-Tropicality-compressed - Orientalism Edward Said (1979):...

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