cor - SOCIAL BEHAVIOR AND PERSONALITY, 2010, 38(4), 479-494...

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A COMPARISON OF INDIVIDUAL AND SMALL-GROUP INSTRUCTION WITH SIMULTANEOUS PROMPTING FOR TEACHING THE CONCEPT OF COLOR TO CHILDREN WITH A MENTAL DISABILITY H ALE D ERE Ç IFTÇI Altınokta Rehabilitation Association, Ankara, Turkey Z. F ULYA T EMEL Gazi University, Ankara, Turkey In this study the aim was to examine the effectiveness of individual and small-group instruction with simultaneous prompting to teach the concept of color to 10 children aged between 4 and 12 years who had been assessed as being at a level of development between 37 and 48 months. The single-subject research model of intersubject multiple probing was used. Data were gathered with a personal information form, the Gazi Early Childhood Development Assessment Tool (GECDAT; Temel, Ersoy, Avcı, & Turla, 2004), the Red/Yellow Color Concept Test (Alptekin, 2000), and the Blue/Green Color Concept Assessment Form designed for this research. It was found that simultaneous prompting was effective in teaching the concept of color via either individual and small-group instruction since all the children performed at a similar level and were successful in learning the colors. Keywords: children with a mental disability, concept education, simultaneous prompting, small-group instruction, individual instruction. Children with a mental disability can be educated in many areas and in many different ways. The main goal of education for people with a mental disability SOCIAL BEHAVIOR AND PERSONALITY, 2010, 38 (4), 479-494 © Society for Personality Research (Inc.) DOI 10.2224/sbp.2010.38.4.479 479 Hale Dere Çiftçi, PhD, Training Coordinator, Altınokta Special Education and Rehabilitation Association, Ankara, Turkey; Z. Fulya Temel, Professor, Child Development and Education, Gazi University, Ankara, Turkey. Appreciation is due to reviewers including: Neriman Aral, PhD, Child Development and Education, Ankara Üniversitesi Ev Ekonomisi, Yüksekokulu Çocuk Geliþimi, ve Eðitimi Bölümü, Içaydinlike, Ankara, 06130, Turkey, Email: [email protected] Please address correspondence and reprint requests to: Hale Dere Çiftçi, Altınokta Special Education and Rehabilitation Centre, Erzurum Mah, Geçim Sok, Kat 1, No 21, Kurtulu ş , Ankara, Turkey. Phone: +90-312-3199033; Fax: +90-312-3622091; Email: [email protected]
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TEACHING COLORS TO CHILDREN WITH A MENTAL DISABILITY 480 is to improve their life functions, enable them to live independently, maximize their cognitive capacity, and equip them with skills (Gargiulo, 2003) in motion, language and speech, social, and independent living. Children with a mental disability learn in both individual and small-group instructional situations and these programs also tend to emphasize the development of conceptual bases for future learning (Bowe, 2004; Taymaz Sarı, 2003). Children with a mental disability have difficulty in using effective learning
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This note was uploaded on 02/18/2011 for the course PSY 3213L taught by Professor Ford during the Spring '09 term at University of Florida.

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cor - SOCIAL BEHAVIOR AND PERSONALITY, 2010, 38(4), 479-494...

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