a-China-Indus-SE-comp

a-China-Indus-SE-comp - ANCI ENT CHI NA Yangshao, Central...

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ANCI ENT CHI NA
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Yangshao, Central Plains of Yellow River Farming villages 5200-3000 BC (Covered on Test 1) Yangshao village of Banbo
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from Drennan and Peterson 2005 Hongshan platform with central burial at Niuheliang Northeastern China, 4700-2900 BC
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Spirit temple of Niuheliang
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Yangshao/Longshan Liangzhu Hongshan
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Longshan Culture, Yellow River between 3000-2000 BC, development of Longshan farming cultures, a patchwork of chiefdoms or small kingdoms critical role of religious personnel increased dramatically use of divination to communicate with ancestors, including early inscribed oracle bones evidence of status differentiation in burials craft specialization in jade-carving and ceramics and rare copper and later bronze metallurgy ; increased trade (interaction spheres) construction of “stamped-earth” town walls and fortifications some fairly large (38 ha; 94 acres) also evidence of trauma in skeletons and increase in artifacts associated with armed conflict sacrificed adults and children warring and trading elites trying to get upper hand
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Liangzhu , 3300-2250 BC Liangzhu culture, in lower Yangzi River, Strong ritual element in elite graves, including tombs with wooden coffins in platforms and mounds Craft specialists wove silk , made laquerware and other beautiful ceramic vessels, and are particularly known for their outstanding jades Large settlements within thick walls, between four and six meters (13 and 20 feet) thick
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Lower Xiajiadian Culture , NE China/Inner Mongolia Follows Hongshan culture in this area north of the lower Yellow River, which shows that complex societies were developing in regions remote from the central plains of Yellow River (Longshan) Large (10 ha/25 acres) walled sites, with smaller defended and those without defensive walls clustered around major centers Constructed large, richly endowed elite graves, with wooden coffins, up to 8.9 m (29 ft) deep
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Early Dynastic China in the Central Plains of Yellow River China’s first true urban civilization Xia Dynasty (1700-1500 BC), Shang Dynasty (1500-1045 BC), and Zhou Dynasty (1045-221 BC) Marked by appearance of full-fledged
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This note was uploaded on 02/18/2011 for the course ANT 3141 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '08 term at University of Florida.

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a-China-Indus-SE-comp - ANCI ENT CHI NA Yangshao, Central...

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