a-peru - Extra Credit: What is the relevance of archaeology...

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Extra Credit: What is the relevance of archaeology to today’s issues? - Worth up to 8 points added to high grade of test 1 & 2; - 500 words maximum - Open by a statement of how many classes you have missed and why you deserve extra-credit - Due: Tuesday (4/27) Some possible themes: - Long-term change of human groups, including dynamics of humans- environment (ecological/climate change and disaster); - Culture & Civilization as adaptations to environment, demography and other factors, rather than simply achievements of only some people; - Archaeology defines what constitutes civilization and provides novel instances of human achievements; - Understanding and valorizing cultural diversity
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ANDEAN CIVILIZATION
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Cultural and biological adaptations to highland Andean Environments: more blood that is more viscous and richer in red cells, a heart that is proportionately larger, and specially adapted, larger lungs, with an enhanced capacity to take in oxygen from the thin atmosphere. Terraced and irrigation agriculture, specialized crops, drought resistance, coca chewing to reduce fatigue and metabolize carbohydrates, providing greater energy
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Late Preceramic: 3000 to 1800 BC Initial (ceramic) Period: 1800 to 400 BC Three Horizon and Two Intermediate Periods Early Horizon (Integration): 400 to 200 BC Early Intermediate (Regionalism): 200 BC to AD 650 Middle Horizon (Integration): AD 650-1000 Late Intermediate (Regionalism): AD 1000- 1476 Late Horizon (Inka; integration): AD 1476-1533 Chronology of Central Andes
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Late Preceramic “The Maritime Foundations of Andean Civilization” (Moseley 1975): “Maritime Hypothesis - Rich marine resources provided basis for early settled communities and complex societies, such as Caral, Aspero, and El Paraiso , On Peru’s desert coast - Ample evidence of Industrial crops (cotton, Gourds, reeds) but less Evidence of food crops - Also, El Nino (natural disaster) and drought
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Caral The first urban center in the Americas , covers 66 ha (163 acres); by 2400 BC it was the capital of a regional polity in the Supe River, with
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This note was uploaded on 02/18/2011 for the course ANT 3141 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '08 term at University of Florida.

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a-peru - Extra Credit: What is the relevance of archaeology...

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