africa-1-comp-1 - Northeastern Africa Wadi Kubbaniya...

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Northeastern Africa Wadi Kubbaniya (Egypt) - wild grasses and grinding stones (16-15,000 BC) sickles (13-9,000 BC) for harvesting wild grasses
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Nabta Playa, Eastern Sahara Southern Egypt 7-6,000 BC – early pottery making culture based on hunting and harvesting wild grasses (including sorghum) and fruits, recovered from 100+ hearths and other cooking features; sorghum, at least, in possible early stage of domestication, although debated by some who feel wild sorghum only domesticated much later (4000-2000 BC); Possible domesticated African cattle, or at least hard for wild cattle to survive independent of humans in this area
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Bir Kiseiba, Egypt (Eastern Sahara) Early evidence of domesticated cattle in Africa (Bos primigenius), ca. 7-6000 BC
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By ca. 6000 BC sheep and goats introduced from Near East and incorporated into Saharan Pastoral Neolithic Nomadic Pastoralism dependence upon domesticated stock and a mobile lifestyle
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Neolithic Tethering Stones
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F arming communities in lower Nile (Egypt) ca. 5000 BC Merimde (18 ha; 45 acres) Fayum Near Eastern Complex of Wheat, Barley, Goats, and Sheep
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Fertile Crescent Expansion of Near East Farming complex into Africa, notably wheats, Barley, goats, and sheep
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Nabta Playa stone circle Neolithic Megaliths (astronomical alignment) ca. 5000 BC
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After ca. 3000 BC Spread of Pastoral into Sahel/E Africa (Following Tsetse Fly-free regions)
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WET DRY Modern Distribution of Tsetse Fly
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Distribution of wild ancestors of Sub-Saharan domesticated African Plants suggests one broad region encompassing 3 Domestic Complexes Savanna complex: sorghum, African rice, peanuts, millets, watermelon Forest margin complex: millets, beans, robusta coffee, oil palm, yams
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This note was uploaded on 02/18/2011 for the course ANT 3141 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '08 term at University of Florida.

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africa-1-comp-1 - Northeastern Africa Wadi Kubbaniya...

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