africa-1-comp - Egypt (pp. 370-379), covered in Part (test)...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–18. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Egypt (pp. 370-379), covered in Part (test) III
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Northeastern Africa Wadi Kubbaniya (Egypt) - wild grasses and grinding stones (16-15,000 BC) sickles (13-9,000 BC) for harvesting wild grasses
Background image of page 2
Qadan culture , central Egypt 13,000 BC: fishing and big- game hunting dominate ca. 8,000 BC, 80% of the diet from plants after 6,000 BC droughts more common; people settled closer to permanent water and became more focused on wild grasses and herding animals
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Background image of page 4
Nabta Playa, Eastern Sahara Southern Egypt 7-6,000 BC – early pottery making culture based on hunting and harvesting wild grasses (including sorghum) and fruits, recovered from 100+ hearths and other cooking features; sorghum, at least, in possible early stage of domestication, although debated by some who feel wild sorghum only domesticated much later (4000-2000 BC); Possible domesticated African cattle, or at least hard for wild cattle to survive independent of humans in this area
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Bir Kiseiba, Egypt (Eastern Sahara) Early evidence of domesticated cattle in Africa (Bos primigenius), ca. 7-6000 BC
Background image of page 6
By ca. 6000 BC sheep and goats introduced from Near East and incorporated into Saharan Pastoral Neolithic Nomadic Pastoralism dependence upon domesticated stock and a mobile lifestyle
Background image of page 7

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Neolithic Tethering Stones
Background image of page 8
F arming communities in lower Nile (Egypt) ca. 5000 BC Merimde (18 ha; 45 acres) Fayum Near Eastern Complex of Wheat, Barley, Goats, and Sheep
Background image of page 9

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Fertile Crescent Expansion of Near East Farming complex into Africa, notably wheats, Barley, goats, and sheep
Background image of page 10
Nabta Playa stone circle Neolithic Megaliths ca. 5000 BC Oldest astronomical alignment of megaliths in the world
Background image of page 11

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
After ca. 3000 BC Spread of Pastoral into Sahel/E Africa (Following Tsetse Fly-free regions)
Background image of page 12
WET DRY Modern Distribution of Tsetse Fly
Background image of page 13

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Distribution of wild ancestors of Sub-Saharan domesticated African Plants suggests one broad region encompassing 3 Domestic Complexes Savanna complex: sorghum, African rice, peanuts, millets, watermelon Forest margin complex: millets, beans, robusta coffee, oil palm, yams Ethiopian complex: millet, tef, noog, arabica coffee, enset (“false banana”), chat Forest margin savanna Ethiopian
Background image of page 14
Root Crop Agriculture (yams) and Arboriculture (oil palm) in Tropical Forest and Woodland Areas of Western, Central, and Southern Africa (how old?, likely 2,000 to 1,000 BC or earlier) Continuation of Hunting and Gathering in some areas until historic times (trade and colonialism)
Background image of page 15

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Yam “barn” in Nigeria forest region Oil palm
Background image of page 16
Guinea, decorated yams)
Background image of page 17

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 18
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 02/18/2011 for the course ANT 3141 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '08 term at University of Florida.

Page1 / 63

africa-1-comp - Egypt (pp. 370-379), covered in Part (test)...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 18. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online