NA-comp - Specific Pages for Chapters on test • Chapter...

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Unformatted text preview: Specific Pages for Chapters on test • Chapter 8 (Pacific): pp. 277-301 • Chapter 10 (Africa): 356-369; pp. 380-391 • Chapter 17 (South America, only Amazonia): pp. 668-677 • Chapter 18 (Complex Societies of NA): – Adena & Hopewell (pp. 681-685) – Mississippian (pp. 687-691) – The Southwest (pp. 691-702) – Native American Population (p. 713) Watson Brake and Poverty Point: Early Moundbuilding Cultures of Eastern North America Poverty Point, LA 1700-1200 BC Watson Brake, LA 4000 BC *Early Woodland (800-200 BC) – Adena Middle Woodland (200 BC – AD 400) - Hopewell Adena & Hopwell heartland (epicenter) was in Ohio but extended over vast area of eastern NA Adena and Hopewell societies had broad trade relations, Including: Copper (Great Lakes) Mica (S. Appalachians) Chert (Midwest) Obsidian (Wyoming) Shell (S. Atlantic & Gulf Coast) Followed by Late Woodland complex Societies, notably Mississippian cultures after AD 1000, a period of rising chiefdoms House structure at Crigler Mound (Ohio Valley) Adena effigy pipe Adena Mound Wooden burial structure in Adena earthen mound Blocked-end tobacco smoking pipes (Shamanism) Great serpent mound, Ohio, 700 BC-AD 200 Middle Woodland (200 BC to AD 400), associated with the Hopewell complex, which was socially highly complex, based not only on complex mounds and enclosures (exclusive), elaborate burials, and finely crafted artifacts, often of exotic materials, which are found in mounds but not settlements Hopewell (epicenter in Ohio), like Adena, had diverse mounds, including circles, squares, and other shapes, as well as fortress-like enclosures, but Hopewell times was marked by proliferation and elaboration of mounds Newark Earthworks Hopewell Mounds Hopewell's special burial treatment with fine objects and mound structures,...
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This note was uploaded on 02/18/2011 for the course ANT 3141 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '08 term at University of Florida.

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NA-comp - Specific Pages for Chapters on test • Chapter...

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