Psy 202 Segment 3b 0CLASS PsyDisorders

Psy 202 Segment 3b 0CLASS PsyDisorders - Psychological...

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1 Psychological Disorders Who decides? Political or Health: Misuse and Need DSM IV-TR and the International version Mood Disorders : The Ups and Downs of Existing Anxiety Disorders Panic Phobias Obsessive-Compulsive: Rituals or Anxiety Post-Traumatic Stress: It isn’t just for war veterans PTSD and PTSS Concurrent Trauma: New concept for Ongoing Traumas Schizophrenia : Not What You Assume Disassociative Disorders: The Many “I’s” in One Personality Disorders Borderline Personalities: From the Pedestal to the Gutter and back Anti-Social Personalities: Can You Tell? The Ted Bundy video
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2 Exercise What is abnormal? Who should say what is abnormal? Who should enforce giving treatment? Who would know when someone is behaving abnormally? Who has the right to define what is abnormal?
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3 How countries have used term Totalitarian governments using “mental health” as means to incarcerate dissenters or those who disagree with government U.S.S.R. (former) and current countries Nazi Germany – ‘decadent ones’ and extermination of mentally ill (1930’s to end of WWII) Bali
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4 In U.S. and Great Britain U.S.A. -societal practice against women and belligerent teens (1800’s to 1960’s) who defy the ‘norms’ of those days were sent to psychiatric hospitals by husbands, fathers, parents
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5 Abnormal Behavior Behavior is abnormal with regard to Statistical infrequency : how does the frequency of the behavior compare to others in the culture? Disability or dysfunction : behavior is abnormal it interferes with daily life Personal distress : Is the person unhappy about their behavior? Violation of norms : A behavior is abnormal if it differs from social norms
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6 Statistical Issues in Abnormality
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7 Explanations of Abnormality Demonology assumes that evil spirits reside within a person Trephining: open the skull to let the spirit out Medical Model assumes that abnormal behaviors reflect mental or physical illness Treatment of abnormality would take place in a hospital setting (e.g. mental hospital) Treatments would be administered by a physician (psychiatrist) Medical model looks for symptoms and signs of disorder; leads to development of a classification system (DSM system) Treatments often involve drugs
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8 Diagnoses Mental illness, like physical illness, will have different causes, have different symptoms, and should lead to different treatments The medical model requires a diagnostic system to sort symptoms, so as to arrive at a differential diagnosis Psychiatry has devised the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM)
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9 Mood Disorders : The Ups and Downs of Existing
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This note was uploaded on 02/19/2011 for the course PSYC 202 taught by Professor Kosslyn during the Spring '09 term at George Mason.

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Psy 202 Segment 3b 0CLASS PsyDisorders - Psychological...

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