Chapter%203 - POL 413 assignment: Complete the exercises in...

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POL 413 assignment: Complete the exercises in this chapter. Type up your answers to Exercise 3.1 and Exercise 3.2. See "Sample Workbook Assignment" on Blackboard to see how you should format your answers. On a separate sheet, type up your For Further Exploration essay. Be prepared to discuss in class on Friday, October 1. (Group work is not allowed. Each student should do his or her own work. If students have any questions, please contact Prof. Clawson.) 3 3 M ASS M EDIA On July 17, 2009, Walter Cronkite died. Cronkite was a widely respected television news anchor from 1962 to 1981, and millions of citizens across the United States tuned in to CBS at the same time each weeknight to watch him deliver the news. He reported on some of the most tragic events in our nation’s recent history. Cronkite broke the news to the country that President John F. Kennedy had been assassinated. He covered the Vietnam War, the Watergate scandal, and the Iran hostage crisis. He also focused on inspiring events, highlighting the achievements of the United States’ space program. Cronkite set the standard for objective journalism and ended newscasts with his signature line, “That’s the way it is.” His objectivity earned the trust of many citizens, who viewed him as a steady figure in an often violent and unstable world. Between Cronkite’s retirement from CBS Evening News in 1981 and his death in 2009, the news media changed dramatically. Technological changes led to an increase in the number of 1
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media outlets, which resulted in greater competition for news audiences. The audience for network television news is much smaller in the early twenty-first century than it was three decades ago. Citizens don’t need to wait until a certain time every evening to get their news; many go online throughout the day to obtain information from or Yahoo News, or perhaps even YouTube or Facebook. Journalism has also changed over the years. Although many reporters continue to adhere to traditional journalistic norms, such as objectivity and accuracy, there are many others who do not value these standards. When anyone with a cell phone camera and an Internet connection can report the news, professional norms quickly go by the wayside. Further, the line between news and opinion is much more blurry than it used to be. Walter Cronkite made a distinction between reporting facts and offering opinions. Tabloid journalists in the early twenty-first century often seem to equate their opinions with facts, and some bloggers don’t bother with facts at all. The line between news and entertainment has also become quite fuzzy. When comedian Jon Stewart regularly interviews political elites on The Daily Show and President Barack Obama visits with the women on The View, news and entertainment become one. The mass media are important, of course, because citizens rely on journalists to be their
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This note was uploaded on 02/19/2011 for the course POL 413 taught by Professor Clauson during the Fall '10 term at Purdue.

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Chapter%203 - POL 413 assignment: Complete the exercises in...

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