Chapter%205 - POL 413 assignment Complete the exercises in...

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POL 413 assignment: Complete the exercises in this chapter. Type up your answers to Exercise 5.1, Exercise 5.2, and Exercise 5.3. See "Sample Workbook Assignment" on Blackboard to see how you should format your answers. Be prepared to discuss in class on Friday, October 15th. (Group work is not allowed. Each student should do his or her own work. If students have any questions, please contact Prof. Clawson.) 5 5 P OLITICAL I DEOLOGY Political opinions come in many varieties. Citizens have opinions toward a wide range of policy issues, such as health care reform, the death penalty, the Iraq War and foreign policy toward China. Opinions toward politicians abound: do you support President Barack Obama? Do you trust him? Is he leading the nation well? Should he be governing differently? What opinions do you hold about your member of Congress, your governor, your city or town leaders? Many people have opinions about nonelected political actors and organizations as well, including U.S. Supreme Court justices, lobbyists, interest groups, police officers, and news reporters. Government institutions are also the focus of citizen evaluation, much of it negative in recent years (as we discuss in chapter 10). A few political opinions are of a broader nature; that is, they do not refer to a specific attitude object (policy, person, branch of government, etc.). One of the most important of these broad opinions is political ideology. An ideology is a set of ideas and values about society, 1
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politics, and government. More specifically, a political ideology encompasses views about the proper role of government in a society. While many ideologies exist in the United States, the two main ones are conservatism and liberalism. American conservatives typically prefer minor government intervention in economic arenas, such as low levels of both financial market regulation and social welfare spending. Conservatives do support government involvement in other realms, such as restricting access to abortion and allowing government-organized religious expression. On the other hand, liberals support a stronger government presence in economic matters, such as social welfare provision, requiring a minimum wage, and regulating corporations, yet also worry about government interference in the exercise of individual rights and liberties. In this chapter, we will focus on levels of ideology in the United States as well as ideological differences among groups of citizens. Specifically, while completing the exercises in the chapter, you will be addressing the following questions: Are U.S. citizens more likely to be conservative, liberal, or moderate? Are Americans really that ideological in their political thinking? Is ideology related to personal characteristics of citizens, such as their sex? Do liberals and conservatives differ in their support for specific government programs or services? Citizen Ideology
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This note was uploaded on 02/19/2011 for the course POL 413 taught by Professor Clauson during the Fall '10 term at Purdue.

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Chapter%205 - POL 413 assignment Complete the exercises in...

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