Chapter%209 - POL 413 ASSIGNMENT: Complete the exercises in...

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POL 413 ASSIGNMENT: Complete the exercises in this chapter. Type up your answers to Exercise 9.1, Exercise 9.2, Exercise 9.3, Exercise 9.4, and Exercise 9.5. Refer to "Sample Workbook Assignment" on Blackboard to see how you should format your answers. Your answers are due at the beginning of class on Friday, November 19th. (Group work is not allowed. Each student should do his or her own work. If students have any questions, please contact Prof. Clawson.) 9 9 S UPPORT FOR C IVIL R IGHTS During the summer of 1958, Mildred Jeter and Richard Loving got married in Washington, D.C., and set up their home in Caroline County, Virginia. Not long after, they were charged with violating Virginia state law after a sheriff “rousted them from their bed” in the middle of the night. 1 The couple pled guilty and was sentenced to a year in jail. The trial judge suspended the sentence on the condition that the Lovings would leave Virginia for twenty-five years. What law had Mildred and Richard broken? What possible violation would result in their banishment from the state of Virginia? Well, it turns out that Mildred was black and Richard was white. Virginia, along with fifteen other states at the time, had an anti-miscegenation statute on its books, which made interracial marriage against the law. 1
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The Lovings left Virginia and moved to D.C., but they fought back by taking their case through the court system. Eventually the case worked its way up to the U.S. Supreme Court, and in 1967 the highest court in the land ruled that laws against interracial marriage were unconstitutional. In the aptly named case Loving v. Virginia, the Supreme Court handed down a unanimous decision in favor of the interracial couple. On behalf of the Court, Chief Justice Earl Warren wrote: “The freedom to marry has long been recognized as one of the vital personal rights essential to the orderly pursuit of happiness by free men. Marriage is one of the ‘basic civil rights of man,’ fundamental to our very existence and survival.” 2 The Lovings were married for almost two decades until Richard’s death in a car accident in 1975. Mildred passed away at the age of 68 in May 2008. In that same year, another fight over marriage was occurring as constitutions in three states—Arizona, California, and Florida—were amended to limit marriage to heterosexual couples. The battle over gay marriage has been going on for more than a decade, becoming a very important and controversial political issue. Proponents of gay marriage consider it the civil rights issue of our time, whereas opponents see it as an attack on traditional family values. In recent years supporters of gay marriage have achieved victories in Washington, D.C.; Massachusetts; Connecticut; Vermont; New Hampshire; and Iowa. Same-sex couples in those states are entitled to the same rights and benefits of marriage as heterosexual couples. At the same time, however, gay marriage opponents have successfully amended numerous state constitutions to restrict
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This note was uploaded on 02/19/2011 for the course POL 413 taught by Professor Clauson during the Fall '10 term at Purdue University-West Lafayette.

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Chapter%209 - POL 413 ASSIGNMENT: Complete the exercises in...

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