Chapter%2012

Chapter%2012 - POL 413 ASSIGNMENT: Complete the exercises...

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POL 413 ASSIGNMENT: Complete the exercises in this chapter. Type up your answers to Exercise 12.1, Exercise 12.2, and Exercise 12.3. Refer to "Sample Workbook Assignment" on Blackboard to see how you should format your answers. Your answers are due at the beginning of class on Monday, December 6 th . (Group work is not allowed. Each student should do his or her own work. If students have any questions, please contact Prof. Clawson.) 12 12 P UBLIC O PINION AND THE 2008 E LECTION The 2008 presidential election was historic on a number of fronts. A major political party came closer to nominating a female presidential candidate than ever in the past. Although Hillary Clinton ultimately lost her bid to be the Democratic presidential candidate, the party did nominate, for the first time, an African-American candidate. Barack Obama’s victory marked the first time that a nonwhite man would serve as U.S. president. History was also made on the Republican side when John McCain selected Sarah Palin to be his vice presidential nominee. Never before had a woman run on the Republican presidential ticket. The presence of these nontraditional candidates introduced some race and gender dynamics that are typically not present, or at least not as salient, in presidential elections. In particular, many commentators and scholars wondered whether voter demographic 1
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characteristics would match the characteristics of their preferred candidates. Would women be more likely than men to support Hillary Clinton over Barack Obama for the Democratic nomination? Would Democratic black women vote with their race or their gender? Did women evaluate Sarah Palin more favorably than men did? With Sarah Palin on the Republican ticket, would Democratic women be willing to cross party lines to vote Republican? You will address some of these questions in this chapter. A different type of question also emerges as nontraditional candidates compete on the national stage: How many voters are ready to elect these candidates? You will also explore this topic, focusing particularly on how much prejudice against female and black candidates exists across the U.S. electorate. Regardless of the race and gender of the candidates, presidential campaigns and voter decision making are always influenced by the broader context in which the election occurs. In 2008 two issues that dominated the news were U.S. military involvement in Iraq and a deepening economic crisis. Events surrounding both influenced the candidates’ campaign messages and strategies. To what degree did voters base their decisions on their opinions toward these issues? You will have the opportunity to explore the role of issue opinions in voter decision making later in this chapter. Race, Gender, and Candidate Evaluation
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This note was uploaded on 02/19/2011 for the course POL 413 taught by Professor Clauson during the Fall '10 term at Purdue.

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Chapter%2012 - POL 413 ASSIGNMENT: Complete the exercises...

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