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psy 239 - Gender Differences in Behavior PSYC 239 October 7...

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10/6/2010 1 Gender Differences in Behavior PSYC 239 October 7, 2010 Outline Communication Patterns Helping and Caring Aggression and Power Gender Differences The social situation influences social and personality characteristics Gender differences are largest when: Other people are present Gender is prominent and other shared roles are minimized The behavior requires specific gender-related skills
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10/6/2010 2 Communication Patterns Communication Patterns Verbal vs. nonverbal communication Verbal Communication: A lot of variation in verbal communication patterns within each gender (not just between) Communication -Talkativeness Stereotype: Women > Men (by lots and lots!) 2006: LouannBrizendinepublished “The Female Brain” Women ~ 20,000 WPD Men ~ 7,000 WPD 2007: Matthias Mehl “Are Women Really More Talkative Than Men?”
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10/6/2010 3 Communication -Talkativeness Chatty Cathy vs. Chatty Charlie Recorded students’ conversations for several days Turn on automatically for 30 seconds every 12.5 minutes Transcribed random snippets of conversation and counted the words BOTH men and women use ~ 16,000 WPD Communication -Talkativeness Spender (1989) study of mixed-sex pairs Found that men talked more – from 58% -75% of the time Despite this, men reported not having “their fair share” of the conversation James & Drakich(1993) Reviewed 63 studies which examined the amount of talk used by American women and men in different contexts Women talked more than men in only two studies Communication –Language Style Conversation Content?
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