Women%20and%20Physical%20Health%2011-30-10

Women%20and%20Physical%20Health%2011-30-10 - Women and...

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Women and Physical Health Life Expectancy and Morbidity US Life Expectancy White - 80.3 W – 76.5 M Blacks 0 77.2 W – 70.2 M In diff countries, generally a 5-10 year difference All stages of life, males more likely to die 106 males born for every 100 females After age 18, females outnumber males After age 100, 1 male for every 5 females Males à greater mortality (die younger) Females à greater morbidity (more illnesses) Why? Three types of explanations: 1. Biological 2. Social 3. Environmental Genes
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Extra X chromosome protects Hormones – Estrogen May protect against some diseases Cardiovascular Osteoporosis May increase risk Some cancers Osteoarthritis Immune System Females may have stronger immune systems Males have lower rates of important immune system proteins But, women more susceptible to immune system diseases (e.g., lupus) Social Preventative Health Care Women tend to take better preventative care Concern and interest in preventative health care Read relevant articles Take vitamins Exercise
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Physical activity associated with lower mortality Across age groups, M > F in leisure physical activity Type of activity Males: Team sports Females: Noncompetitive exercise Motivation Males: Competition Smoking “single most preventable cause of death” American Cancer Society (2003) Assoc. w/all leading causes of death Men more likely to smoke Over 50% of sex difference in mortality Stronger link to heart disease for women Stronger link to lung cancer 1987 – lung cancer à # 1 cancer killer for women Gynecological consequences
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Infertility, miscarriage, premature birth Osteoporosis and hip fractures Alcohol Males 2 – 5X more likely to abuse alcohol 4% W vs. 9% M between 18-45 are abusers BUT, more HS girls drink more frequently Alcohol Consequences -liver disease, ulcers, brain damage, high blood pressure, strokes, cancers -automobile accidents, workplace injuries, drowning, violent crime -for women, fetal alcohol syndrome, rape, physical abuse Alcohol Consequences -women less likely to be diagnosed or forced to seek treatment -more societal disapproval of drunk women -women more reluctant to admit problems (against caretaking role) -secret drinking Driving Traditionally, men drive more Men more likely…
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This note was uploaded on 02/19/2011 for the course PSY 239 taught by Professor Dr.stephaniegoodwin during the Fall '08 term at Purdue.

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Women%20and%20Physical%20Health%2011-30-10 - Women and...

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