intro - 1/12/2011 History of Psychology Why its important...

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1/12/2011 1 History of Psychology Why it’s important Roots of psychological science History of the discipline Current status Roots of psychology go back centuries Psychology as a scientific discipline is relatively young Is a science of the mind and behavior possible, and if so, how is it to be defined and what should its methods be? Psychology
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1/12/2011 2 Ancient Greeks Hippocrates, Plato, Aristotle Religion Saint Augustine, Bishop of Hippo his Confession is notable for its analyses and description his Confessions is notable for its analyses and description of his own psyche St. Thomas Aquinas human reason is a complement to religious faith in the search for truth Influences on the developing field of Psychology Rationalists: Empiricists: Mind develops from experience Nativists: Mind is influenced by an inborn structure Associationists: Mind plays a role in forming associations Physicalists: Physical causes of mental processes Descartes Locke Kant Hume von Helmholtz Psychology is Born •1879: Wilhelm Wundt (1832-1920) opened the first university-based psychology lab at the University of Leipzig •His goal for psychology: integrate the social and physical sciences •His impact: •Defined psychology as a new science •Developed the first methods of psychology •Advised the first generation of psychologists
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1/12/2011 3
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This note was uploaded on 02/19/2011 for the course PSY 120 taught by Professor Donnely during the Spring '08 term at Purdue University.

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intro - 1/12/2011 History of Psychology Why its important...

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