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Unformatted text preview: 11/16/2009 1 Personality PSY 120 Professor South 1. Does personality exist? 2. Conceptualizing personality 3. Measuring personality 4. Etiology 5. Current directions 1. Does personality exist? Walter Mischel Personality and Assessment (1968) Argued that there is no consistency to personality Instead, said that personality is highly dependent upon situations Stymied the field of personality psychology for decades Now, general agreement that personality exists, is consistent, and can predict important outcomes What is personality? Relatively consistent patterns of thoughts, feelings and actions that are exhibited across a range of situations & differentiates us from others The dynamic organization within the individual of those psychophysical systems that determine his characteristic behavior and thought Gordon Allport Challenges for Personality Assessment Self, Others, Observation The Power of the Situation Predict Behavior Stability Definitions 2. Conceptualizing Personality: Major Theories Trait Theories Trait: relatively stable predisposition to behave in a certain way Trait theory: specify the # of distinct personality traits that can be used to personality traits that can be used to describe all individual differences 11/16/2009 2 Trait Theories OCEAN There are 5 central traits in the big 5: Openness (independent, imaginative, liking for variety) .vs. non- openness Conscientiousness (organized, careful) vs. undirected (disorganized, careless) Extroversion (out-going, fun-loving) vs. introversion (shy, sober, reserved) reserved) Agreeableness (soft-hearted, trusting, helpful) vs. antagonism (ruthless, suspicious uncooperative) Neuroticism (anxious, insecure) vs. emotional stability (calm, Neuroticism (anxious, insecure) vs....
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This note was uploaded on 02/19/2011 for the course PSY 120 taught by Professor Donnely during the Spring '08 term at Purdue University-West Lafayette.
- Spring '08