therapy - 1 Disorders & Treatment Prof. South...

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Unformatted text preview: 1 Disorders & Treatment Prof. South PSY 120 1. Causes of Psychological Psychological Disorders 2. History of Treatment 3. Treatment Providers 4. Types of Treatment 1. Causes of Psychological Disorders Biology/ Genes Cognitive Factors Environmental (Social) Psychological Disorders Biological Factors Include physical problems with the body, brain, as well as genetic influences Neurotransmitter imbalances: Dopamine excess in schizophrenia Serotonin involved in mood disorders, but exactly how is less clear Structural problems in the brain: Schizophrenia associated with enlarged ventricles Genetic Contributions Do some people inherit predispositions toward developing disorders? Genetic component of schizophrenia: Likelihood of having it increases with closeness of a relative who also has it Highest likelihood for identical twin (chances are 1 in 2) Similar pattern for depression, bipolar disorder 2 Cognitive Factors 1. Maladaptive ways of thinking 2. Learned helplessness: when people fail repeatedly to change environment 3. Patterns of making attributions about causes of events Becks Cognitive Triad for Depression Environmental Factors Stress Socioeconomic status Role of culture A culture that emphasizes thinness may A culture that emphasizes thinness may predispose you to anorexia nervosa Cultural background may influence the kinds of delusions seen in schizophrenia Conditioning may play a role as well Specific phobias may be acquired through classical conditioning or observational learning 2. History of Treatment for Psychological Disorders Friends Asylum Dorothea Dix Witmers Clinic 3 Diagnose and treat psychological problems in clinics, hospitals, private practice Psychiatrists (M.D.): have completed medical school and advanced training in mental illness, can prescribe medication 3. Treatment providers Clinical psychologists (Ph.D., Psy.D.) Counseling psychologists (Ph.D., Ed.D.) Counselors (MA) Social workers (LCSW) Psychiatric nurses 4. Types of Treatment Biomedical Therapies 1. Drug therapies used to treat psychological disorders. 2. Electroconvulsive therapy. 3. Psychosurgery is sometimes used to treat psychological disorders. Antipsychotics Typical First to be developed Dopamine antagonists Reduce positive symptoms E.g. Thorazine Atypical Newer Decrease dopamine and other neurotransmitters Reduce positive and negative symptoms Drug Therapies, continued Antidepressant drugs modulate availability...
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This note was uploaded on 02/19/2011 for the course PSY 120 taught by Professor Donnely during the Spring '08 term at Purdue University-West Lafayette.

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therapy - 1 Disorders & Treatment Prof. South...

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