M22Thinking

M22Thinking - MODULE 22: THINKING I. II. CognitionMental...

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MODULE 22: THINKING I. Cognition—Mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, remembering, and communicating. II. Concept—mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people a. Categorical hierarchies b. Development of concepts c. Prototype i.Mental image or best example of a category ii.Matching new items to the prototype provides a quick and easy method for including items in a category III. Thinking and Problem solving strategies include a. Trial and error b. Algorithm—Methodical, logical rule or procedure that guarantees solving a particular problem c. Heuristics i.Simple thinking strategy that often allows us to make judgments and solve problems efficiently ii.Usually speedier than algorithms iii.More error-prone than algorithms d. Insight i.A sudden realization of a problem’s solution ii.Brain imaging and EEG studies implicate the right temporal cortex Threats to Problem Solving I. Hindsight bias—Tendency to “. ..exaggerate predictability of an event after it
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This note was uploaded on 02/13/2011 for the course PSYCH 100 taught by Professor Burnstein during the Spring '10 term at UCSB.

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M22Thinking - MODULE 22: THINKING I. II. CognitionMental...

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