M30 Personality-2

M30 Personality-2 - MODULE 30: HISTORIC PERSPECTIVES ON...

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MODULE 30: HISTORIC PERSPECTIVES ON PERSONALITY: PSYCHOANALYTIC AND HUMANISTIC INTRODUCTION I. Personality: a. “A person’s unique and relatively stable behavior patterns.” b. “Personality consists of all the traits, characteristics, dispositions, and other factors that make people unique, yet somewhat consistent in behavior across situations.” THE PSYCHOANALYTIC PERSPECTIVE I. Basics a. Emphasizes dynamic nature of personality—multidirectional sources of psychic energy b. Conflict and biology—impossible to satisfy all needs c. Adaptation and development—influence of early experiences; determinism d. Importance of unconscious II. Freud’s theory a. Freud worked with patients suffering from nervous disorders. i.Their complaint couldn’t be explained by physical causes ii.Freud’s clinical experience led him to develop the first comprehensive theory of personality, which included the unconscious mind, psychosexual stages, and defense mechanisms. b. Personality structure c. ID i.Unconscious representation of instincts, not in touch with reality ii.Functions via primary thought process—not rational iii.Infants only use primary thought iv.In adults, primary process appears in dreams, etc. d. Ego i.Governed by “reality principle”—deals with world as it is ii.Uses secondary thought process iii.Mediates between id’s desires and world’s constraints iv.Develops with experience—accounts for differences in behavior e. Superego i.Develops later than ego, primarily through social
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This note was uploaded on 02/13/2011 for the course PSYCH 100 taught by Professor Burnstein during the Spring '10 term at UCSB.

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M30 Personality-2 - MODULE 30: HISTORIC PERSPECTIVES ON...

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