M2Research

M2Research - MODULE 2 RESEARCH STRATEGIES HOW PSYCHOLOGISTS...

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MODULE 2: RESEARCH STRATEGIES: HOW PSYCHOLOGISTS ASK AND ANSWER QUESTIONS THINKING CRITICALLY WITH PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCE I. Psychology sections of bookstores loaded with “Self-help” and common sense approaches APPROACHING THE RESEARCH PROCESS II. Researchers in psychology work toward one or more of four related goals. a. Descriptive research b. Predictive research c. Explanatory research d. Control THE LOGIC OF DEMONSTRATING CAUSAL RELATIONSHIPS I. Demonstrating causality requires showing just three things a. Temporal precedence: b. Covariation: c. Eliminating alternative explanations: II. Theories a. A theory is a set of interrelated statements i.It provides a framework for the systematic and orderly display of data ii.It’s a “tool” that helps us organize and think about observations iii.It helps us to explain observations iv.It allows us to make predictions II. Hypotheses a. What a hypothesis is—a hypothesis is statement about a relationship between two variables. b. This means that a hypothesis is a specific prediction:
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This note was uploaded on 02/13/2011 for the course PSYCH 155 taught by Professor Cosmides during the Spring '08 term at UCSB.

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M2Research - MODULE 2 RESEARCH STRATEGIES HOW PSYCHOLOGISTS...

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