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Unformatted text preview: culty of Science and Technology, Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia, Bandar Baru Nilai, 71800 Nilai, Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia 2 Chemistry Department, Faculty of Science, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Ethyl valerate, a green apple flavor is short-chain ester with fruity notes is widely used in food, cosmetic and pharmaceutical industries. Traditionally, flavor esters are produced by chemical method or extracted by natural sources. However, with the steadily growing demand for natural flavor compounds, the biosynthesis of such esters by lipase under mild condition s has been receiving much attention for producing these valuable products. In this study, enzymatic synthesis of ethyl valerate in solvent free system, was successfully optimized via Response surface method (RSM) based on 5 -level, 4-variable of Central composite rotatable design (CCRD). The parameters were reaction time (30 - 60 min); reaction temperature (30 - 60 C); amount of enzyme (10 - 25 %, w/w) and shaking speed (50 - 150 rpm). The optimum condition derived via RSM for the reaction was reaction time of 48 min, reaction temperature of 30 °C, enzyme amount of 25 %, (w/w) and shaking speed of 51 rpm. The actual experimental yield was 84.28 % under the optimum condition, which compared well with the maximum predicted value of 84.61 %. Comparison of predicted and experimental values reveal good correspondence between them, implying that empirical models derived from RSM can be used to adequately describe the relationship between the factors and response in the synthesis of ethyl valerate. 1 OTH-P2 BIOCHEMICAL ANALYSIS OF MALE STERILE AND FERTILE ANTHERS POLLEN IN SORGHUM. ( SORGHUM BICOLOR L.) R.D.Borse Post Graduate Department of Botany, Padmashri Vikhe Patil College of Arts, Scie nce and Commerce, Pravaranagar At/Post: Loni (kd), Tal: Rahata, Dist: Ahmednagar, Maharashtra, India 413713 E-mail: email@example.com A biochemical analysis of male sterile and fertile anthers pollen has been undertaken with an objective of understanding the biochemical sy...
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- Spring '11