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Running head: COMMUNITY HEALTH NURSING 1 Prevention of Obesity through Healthy Nutrition and Physical Activities among Older Adults Student’s Name Institutional Affiliation
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COMMUNITY HEALTH NURSING 2 Prevention of Obesity through Healthy Nutrition and Physical Activities among Older Adults B. Community Health Nursing Diagnosis Statement 1. How the Health Concern is Linked to a Health Inequity Within the Target Population Older adults are vulnerable to obesity due to low physical activities and poor nutrition. According to McNaughton, Crawford, Ball, and Salmon (2012), about 80% of the health issues affecting the older adults are preventable. However, the health promotion measures implemented by the government in Fulton may not benefit the older adults adequately. The Walk Georgia program requires the participants to register online, which may be a limitation for older adults who lack information technology skills. This factor leads to health inequality because the younger generation can easily access the program, unlike the older adults. The Women Infants and Children ( WIC) program, which promotes nutrition, may result in health inequality among male older adults. Obesity among the elderly is a major concern in Fulton County as it affects a large population. The estimated population size is 1,041,423, out of which 11% are aged above 65 years (Census Reporter, 2019) . The County measures 526.7 square miles. a. Primary Community Resources and Primary Prevention Resources Currently in Place to Address the Health Concern The County government of Georgia has implemented a community program that encourages the residents to engage in physical activities. Through the Walk Georgia initiative, the residents are equipped with the tools they need for physical fitness (Fulton County Government, 2019). Fulton residents also have access to affordable
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COMMUNITY HEALTH NURSING 3 and nutritious food through the WIC. However, the program is only available during summer. b. Underlying Causes of the Health Concern Poor nutrition is one of the major causes of obesity in Fulton. Research conducted by McNaughton et al. (2012) indicates that a majority of older adults do not consume the recommended range of nutrients, including fruits and vegetables. Lack of physical exercise is the other cause of obesity among the older adults in Fulton. The authors reveal that about 45% of the elderly population is not sufficiently active, and this factor makes them highly vulnerable to obesity.
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