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Com 102 exam one review guide

Com 102 exam one review guide - Communication and theory...

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Communication and theory Definition of communication: Distinctions: Intentionality-did you mean to send this message? Reception-is there someone to receive the message? Effectiveness: did the receiver understand the message? Focuses: Boundaries: Textbook definition: “communication is the relational process of creating and interpreting messages that elicit a response” Includes: Messages (what you want to say) Creation (production-the actual words) Interpretation (making sense of the words) Relational Process (the roles we play i.e. student vs. teacher) Response (do you just not agree, or do you not understand?) Definitions of communication implicit (contained within) theories: Theory: “set of systematic, informed hunches about the way things operate” A theory is set, informed and systematic. Images of theory: Net- captures a bunch of stuff to look at, grabs attention and presents info Lenses- glass to wear to look at something different, help to explain Maps- provides a map of territory that everyone can make sense of
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Social Scientific Theory and Research Scientists : aka behavioral scientists, social scientists. Contrast and test theories and use empirical research Interpretive scholars : aka humanistic, rhetoricians, critical scholars. Develop and apply interpretive theory. Scientific theory definition : “description of concepts and specification of relationships between or among these concepts” Functions of a scientific theory : Description & Organizations: what the theory is about Explanations: you need more than just a model or drawing Prediction: the future Control: (example about booze and profanity) Empirical research : originating in or based on observation or experiment Experiments: Surveys: Wheel of Science : explains how theory and research are related and cycles between deductive and inductive Deductive theory devels: starts from the top and moves down Theory- form hypotheses-make observations- make generalizations (did your hypothesis work)-alter theory: empirical research Inductive theory devels: goes from the ground up, start with an open mind to observe Observations (data)-look for generalizations (patterns)-formulate a theory-continue deductively (compare data to theory and modify):
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Standards for evaluating scientific theory : Explanation: Testable hypotheses: Prediction of future events: Practical utility: Relative simplicity: Heuristic Value: Goals-Planning-Action Model Message production : Interaction goal: “desired state that a person wants to bring about or maintain and that requires communication to accomplish” Research exemplar : Primary goals: motivates you to speak and helps you to understand why you’re interacting Motivational: “pushes” person to speak (persuasional) Interpretive: defines the situation for the moment (what’s going on) Secondary goals : how the primary goal is pursued (how we want to appear) Plans : “Mental representation of action sequences that may be used to achieve goals” (how will you use persuasion to reach your goal) Strategies : (3) Active:
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Passive: Interactive: Plan complexity : how specific the plan is... if, then relationship
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  • Spring '09
  • McGeorge
  • Interpersonal relationship, Expectancy violations theory, communicator reward valence, relationship devel

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