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PhilosophyPaper - James Corcoran Stephen Finlay PHIL 140g...

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James Corcoran Stephen Finlay PHIL 140g Section 20103 Refuting “A Simple Argument Against Abortion” In this paper, I will argue that the author’s argument from “A Simple Argument Against Abortion”, Rational Thoughts , is unsound by rejecting the premise that states, “Fetuses are identical to their grown counterparts”. The article sets up a pro-life argument that concludes that fetuses, just like humans, have a right to life. In the second section of my essay, I will present the author’s argument and try to refine it. In the third section, I will show how this argument fails by presenting an objection. I will then show that some possible replies on behalf of the argument fail. In my paper, I use the key term “personal identity”. Personal identity can be defined as the circumstances in which a person can be said to be identical to himself through a period of time. In the article, the pro-life author sets up an argument in a premise-conclusion and states that: P1. “Human persons have a right to life” P2. “The grown counterpart of a fetus is a human person” P3. “Fetuses are identical to their grown counterparts” P4/C1. “Therefore, fetuses are human persons (from 2, 3)” C2. “Therefore, fetuses have a right to life (from 1-4)” Premise one seems very plausible because we generally believe that humans are given the right to live. To refine argument, the third premise must be changed and the argument must be extended. The author must use a different reason to show that fetuses are human
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This note was uploaded on 02/17/2011 for the course PHIL 140 taught by Professor Yaffe during the Fall '07 term at USC.

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PhilosophyPaper - James Corcoran Stephen Finlay PHIL 140g...

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