TB 1 Chapter 07- Multiple-Choice Questions

TB 1 Chapter 07- Multiple-Choice Questions - 1. According...

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1. According to the text, learning involves: A) the ability to think abstractly. B) a change in behavior due to experience. C) the development of prosocial behavior. D) a reduction in extrinsic motivation. 2. If a sea slug on repeated occasions receives an electric shock just after being squirted with water, its protective withdrawal response to a squirt of water grows stronger. This best illustrates: A) spontaneous recovery. B) associative learning. C) observational learning. D) operant conditioning. 3. Conditioning is the process of: A) discrimination. B) spontaneous recovery. C) learning associations. D) observational learning. 4. Pet cats who learn that the sound of an electric can opener signals the arrival of their cat food illustrate: A) shaping. B) extrinsic motivation. C) classical conditioning. D) observational learning. Page 1
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5. After one chimpanzee sees a second chimp open a box that contains a food reward, the first animal opens a similar box with great speed. This best illustrates: A) shaping. B) spontaneous recovery. C) respondent behavior. D) observational learning. 6. Children often learn to associate pushing a vending machine button with the delivery of a candy bar. This best illustrates the process underlying: A) intrinsic motivation. B) respondent behavior. C) spontaneous recovery. D) operant conditioning. 7. The first experimental studies of associative learning were conducted by: A) Watson. B) Skinner. C) Bandura. D) Pavlov. 8. John B. Watson considered himself to be a(n): A) physiological psychologist. B) cognitive psychologist. C) behaviorist. D) psychoanalyst.
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9. John B. Watson would have expressed the greatest disapproval of attempts to scientifically study whether: A) consumer buying habits are influenced by newspaper advertisements. B) worker productivity is influenced by hourly wage rates. C) academic achievement is influenced by a positive selfconcept. D) aggressive behavior is influenced by threats of punishment. 10. Last year, Dr. Moritano cleaned Natacha's skin with rubbing alcohol prior to administering each of a series of painful rabies vaccination shots. Which of the following processes accounts for the fact that Natacha currently becomes fearful every time she smells rubbing alcohol? A) negative reinforcement B) classical conditioning C) latent learning D) operant conditioning 11. The “psychic secretions” that Pavlov initially considered an annoyance were: A) unconditioned responses. B) primary reinforcers. C) conditioned responses. D) conditioned reinforcers. 12. Which of the following is an unconditioned response? A) playing jump rope B) running through a maze to get a food reward C) sweating in hot weather D) clapping after a thrilling concert performance Page 3
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13. In Pavlov's experiments on the salivary conditioning of dogs, the US was: A) a tone. B)
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TB 1 Chapter 07- Multiple-Choice Questions - 1. According...

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