44_APES Midterm 2008A-1

44_APES Midterm 2008A-1 - APES Midterm 2008 Multiple Choice...

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APES Midterm 2008 Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. ____ 1. Ecology is the study of how a. atoms make up the environment. b. humans affect the environment. c. organisms interact with each other and their nonliving environment. d. societies pass laws to protect the environment. ____ 2. Biodiversity emerges from a. mutations. b. natural selection. c. extinction. d. all of these answers. ____ 3. Where would a geologists collect rock and soil samples? a. atmosphere b. lithosphere c. biosphere d. hydrosphere ____ 4. The energy of the sun is primarily a. nuclear fission. b. nuclear fusion. c. gravity. d. magnetism. ____ 5. Which of the following statements is false? a. The existence, abundance, and distribution of a species in an ecosystem are determined by whether the levels of one or more physical or chemical factors fall within the range tolerated by a species. b. Organisms can adapt to slowly changing new conditions by acclimation. c. Too much or too little of any abiotic factor can limit or prevent growth of a population of a species in an ecosystem even if all other factors are at or near the optimum range of tolerance. d. There is no such thing as too much fertilizer. ____ 6. Organisms that feed on both plants and animals are called a. detritus feeders. b. omnivores. c. carnivores. d. herbivores. ____ 7. The pyramid which best explains why there are typically only four to five links in a food chain is the pyramid of a. energy. b. biomass. c. numbers. d. matter. ____ 8. The nitrogen cycle is an example of a(n) a. hydrologic cycle. b. sedimentary cycle. c. carbohydrate cycle.
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d. atmospheric cycle. ____ 9. The hydrologic cycle refers to the movement of a. hydrogen. b. oxygen. c. water. d. hydrocarbons. ____ 10. Of the following processes of the water cycle, the one working against gravity is a. percolation. b. infiltration. c. runoff. d. transpiration. ____ 11. Which element could be called the "currency for energy exchange in living systems?" a. nitrogen b. oxygen c. carbon d. sulfur ____ 12. Transfer of carbon between organisms depends primarily on a. fuel combustion and decomposition. b. photosynthesis and cellular respiration. c. soil bacteria and precipitation. d. volcanic activity and organic decay. ____ 13. Inorganic nitrogen-containing ions are converted into organic molecules through a. nitrification. b. nitrogen fixation. c. denitrification. d. assimilation. ____ 14. Which of the following statements about human alteration of the nitrogen cycle is false? a. Large quantities of nitric oxide are released into the atmosphere when fuel is burned. b. Nitric oxide can be converted in the atmosphere to nitric acid, which contributes to acid deposition. c.
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This note was uploaded on 02/17/2011 for the course APES 1012 taught by Professor Payne during the Spring '11 term at Simons Rock.

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44_APES Midterm 2008A-1 - APES Midterm 2008 Multiple Choice...

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