Chemical Nomenclature Review

Chemical Nomenclature Review - Hypo ite Ite Chemical...

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“Ite” “Ate” “Per” “ate” Andrew Rosen Chemical Nomenclature Nomenclature: Naming system for chemical compounds A chemical formula tells the elements present and number of atoms of each element Ionic Compounds Metal Nonmetal (+) ion = Cation Metals lose electrons to become positive ions (-) ion = Anion Non-metals gain electrons to become negative ions Name ending changes to “ide”. NaCl – Sodium Chloride MgBr 2 – Magnesium Bromide KI – Potassium Iodide Calcium Fluoride – Ca +2 F -1 Ca +2 F 2 -2 CaF 2 Potassium Nitride – K +1 N -3 K 3 N Strontium Oxide – Sr +2 O -2 SrO Empirical Formula: Simplest whole number ratio. Ionic compound are always empirical Al 2 S 3 = 2:3 K 3 N = 3:1 C 2 H 6 = 1:3 CH 4 (Methane) = 1:4 NH 3 (Ammonia) = 1:3 C 8 H 18 (Octane gasoline) = 4:9 Stock System: Uses roman numerals to represent a value of the oxidation number when more than one is given Iron (III) Chloride – Fe
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Chemical Nomenclature Review - Hypo ite Ite Chemical...

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