Organic Chem Review

Organic Chem Review - A ndrew Rosen 1S2 2S2 2P2 1S2 2S1 2P3...

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Andrew Rosen 6 C 1S 2 2S 2 2P 2 1S 2 2S 1 2P 3 (SP 3 hybrid and has 4 unshared pairs) Notes for Naming: - A number must be used to indicate where the double or triple bond is (ex: 2-Butane) - A typical prefix (di, tri, tetra etc.) must be used if there is more than one of the same groups of c - You number the chain wherever the longest chain is - You start a chain in alkenes and alkynes wherever the double or triple bond is closest to - You name the compound in alphabetical order without the prefixes - If there is another atom besides carbon or hydrogen, you must indicate where it is on the chain a are (ex: 5,5,6,6-tetrabromo) - You write trans before the number if the hydrogen molecules are on opposite sides of each other - Look for carbon branches and circle them if they are off the main chain to help naming - If there is a compound with more than one double or triple bond, a typical prefix must go in the m (ex: butene with 2 double bonds would be buta di ene) Notes for Writing Formulas: - Cluster the carbons and then the hydrogens (Ex: C 6 H 12 ) - Write it as you see it if it is a specific functional group Most organic substances are nonpolar: - Not soluble in water - Soluble in benzene, ether
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Organic Chem Review - A ndrew Rosen 1S2 2S2 2P2 1S2 2S1 2P3...

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