unit3 - AUXILIARY LEXICAL AUXILIARY Where shall I meet you...

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Unit 3: THE VERB The verb of a sentence can be: one word He works in an office. two words He is working in the office. three words He has been working in the office. or even four words He must have been working in the office. In the sentences above, work ( works and working ) is an example of a LEXICAL VERB . Lexical verbs give basic information. Every simple sentence has one lexical verb in it. In the sentences above, the words between He and work are examples of AUXILIARY VERBS . There are not many auxiliary verbs. They are: do have be can could will would shall should may might must They are very important because we can use them together with lexical verbs. For example:
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Unformatted text preview: AUXILIARY LEXICAL AUXILIARY Where shall I meet you? Is John coming to the party? No, he is not. He does not like parties, does he? Have they finished ? Yes, they have . We use auxiliary verbs to: • make a negative sentence (Unit 5) • make a question (Unit 9) • give a short answer (Unit 11) • make a tag question (Unit 12) • make passive sentences (Unit 43) • show what we feel about what we are saying (Unit 27) • and in continuous and perfect verb formations (Unit 15) To learn about do, have, be as auxiliaries, look at Unit 17. The other auxiliaries are called MODAL VERBS . You can learn about them in Unit 27....
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