Unit18 - the second turn on the left c COMMANDS EXAMPLES Wake up It’s half past eight d REMINDERS EXAMPLES Don’t forget the book tomorrow e

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Unit 18: IMPERATIVE The imperative is very simple. Just use the base form of the verb (Unit 14). We do not usually write or say the subject of an imperative sentence, but we understand it is ‘you’ (singular or plural). 1 Form AFFIRMATIVE AND NEGATIVE EXAMPLES: AFFIRMATIVE: Come here! Be quiet! Heat the milk. NEGATIVE: Do not feed the animals. Don’t be angry! Do not overheat. 2 Some uses An imperative sentence means that we want someone to do, or not to do, something. a WRITTEN SIGNS AND NOTICES EXAMPLES: REDUCE SPEED NOW (a road sign) KEEP OFF THE GRASS (in a park) DO NOT LEAN OUT OF THE WINDOW (on a train) F A S T E N SEAT BELTS (on a plane) b INSTRUCTIONS EXAMPLES: Bake for thirty minutes. Do not overcook. Turn right at the traffic lights and then take
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Unformatted text preview: the second turn on the left. c COMMANDS EXAMPLES: Wake up! It’s half past eight. d REMINDERS EXAMPLES: Don’t forget the book tomorrow. e FRIENDLY EXPRESSIONS EXAMPLES: Come in and sit down! [welcoming] Have a seat! [offering] Let’s have a break now. [suggesting] Don’t worry! [sympathizing] B e careful! [warning] Have a good trip! [saying goodbye] T a k e care of yourselves. [saying goodbye] Have a nice weekend! [saying goodbye] NOTICE: To be polite, add please to the end of the sentence: EXAMPLES: Wait a minute, please. Fasten your seat belts, please. NOTICE: To show that you want something very much, put do or please at the beginning of the sentence: EXAMPLES: Do show me! Please tell me! Do let’s go! Please be careful!...
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This note was uploaded on 02/18/2011 for the course ESL 100 taught by Professor Online during the Spring '10 term at Open Uni..

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Unit18 - the second turn on the left c COMMANDS EXAMPLES Wake up It’s half past eight d REMINDERS EXAMPLES Don’t forget the book tomorrow e

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