unit24 - a STATEMENTS EXAMPLES: I have been learn ing...

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Unit 24: PRESENT PERFECT — FORMATION We use the present tense of the auxiliary verb have (Unit 17) before the past participle form (Unit 14). In the simple formation, the participle is the lexical verb (Unit 3); in the continuous formation, the participle is been, with the –ing form of the lexical verb after it. 1 Simple (have + past participle) a STATEMENTS EXAMPLES: He has worked very hard this term. The meeting has not started yet. I have rented a car for two weeks. T h e y have n’t fixed the car yet. b QUESTIONS EXAMPLES: Have you finished yet? What has she decided to do? Why have they left ? NOTICE: For spelling problems with the –ing form of the verb, look at Appendix 6. 2 Continuous (have been –ing form)
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Unformatted text preview: a STATEMENTS EXAMPLES: I have been learn ing English for four years. He has not been feel ing very well lately. I t s been rain ing non-stop for days. b QUESTIONS EXAMPLES: Have you been work ing hard recently? What s she been do ing ? Why has it been rain ing so much? 3 Notes on past participles a Many verbs do not have an ed participle (Appendices 10 and 11). b Have can be an AUXILIARY and a LEXICAL verb (Unit 3). EXAMPLES: Have the girls had lunch yet? We have been having a good time. c Go has two past participles EXAMPLES: He has gone to Rome. [not here now] He has been to Rome. [went and returned] NOTICE: Unit 25 tells you about the use of present perfect....
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This note was uploaded on 02/18/2011 for the course ESL 100 taught by Professor Online during the Spring '10 term at Open Uni..

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unit24 - a STATEMENTS EXAMPLES: I have been learn ing...

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