unit25 - EXAMPLES It’s the most beautiful place I’ve...

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Unit 25: PRESENT PERFECT — USE Both the simple and the continuous formation (Unit 24) mean, very generally, ‘past time and present time together’. 1 Continuation up to the present time EXAMPLES: I’ve lived here all my life. [I was born here, I live here now.] He has been working there for [He started here five years ago and five years now. [he works there now.] How long have you known John? [When did you first meet?] We have n’t seen each other since [Last January was the last time we last January. [saw each other.] 2 A past event which is important for now EXAMPLES: Look! The sun has come out. So now the weather is fine. Look! It ’s been snowing . So now the ground is white. Have you seen John? I want to speak to him. Help! Somebody has taken my wallet. 3 General experiences in life (simple formation only)
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Unformatted text preview: EXAMPLES: It’s the most beautiful place I’ve ever seen in all my life. They ’ve been to Thailand hundreds of times. Have you ever eaten snake? 4 Simple and continuous formation The meanings of the simple and continuous formations are basically the same but sometimes they are a little different. EXAMPLES: They have built a new stadium. Now it is finished. They ’ve been building a new stadium. It is probably not finished. Units 39 and 40 tell you more about the difference. NOTICE: Have got is grammatically present perfect but it usually has a present simple meaning (Unit 20): EXAMPLES: Have you got a brother called John? [Do you have . . . ?] I’ve got a terrible headache. [now] NOTICE: Present perfect or present continuous? (Unit 39) Present perfect or past simple? (Unit 40)...
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This note was uploaded on 02/18/2011 for the course ESL 100 taught by Professor Online during the Spring '10 term at Open Uni..

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